Insurance and Reinsurance


Policies serve as guides that direct the actions and decisions of an organization or company, such as encouraging carpooling or setting diversity policies. Policies may range from encouraging carpooling to setting corporate diversity quotas.

Reinsurance is an alternative financial arrangement that enables insurance companies to reduce risk, free up capital, and satisfy regulations by passing some loss risks on to reinsurers. Reinsurance dates back to 14th-century Europe.


Insurance is the agreement between an insurer and an insured, in which one promises indemnification for both in case of loss or death. Reinsurance policies purchased by larger insurance companies serve to mitigate heavy losses caused by significant events that arise later.

Reinsurance allows insurance companies to transfer some of the financial risk associated with insuring cars, homes, and people by shifting some of it onto another entity – thus offering higher coverage limits or taking on clients that would be too expensive.

Reinsurance agreements may either be proportional or non-proportional in their operation. Under a proportional model, reinsurers share in an insurer’s premiums and losses according to an agreed ratio; under non-proportional models, they pay out when losses exceed a priority or retention limit (usually set based on type or category of risk).

Reinsurance purchases are an integral component of nearly every insurance company, helping ensure financial viability during catastrophic events while expanding and adding policies without setting aside excessive reserves, keeping rates at a more manageable level for all policyholders.


Insurance companies must submit financial statements to regulators demonstrating they have enough capital to pay claims when necessary. This can be accomplished by purchasing reinsurance policies to mitigate risk. Reinsurance contracts (also referred to as treaty reinsurance) can be entered into between an insurance company that issues its policy (known as cedant or cedantaire) and another that assumes some of its liability (referred to as reinsurer). Doing this allows more capital for writing additional or more oversized policies. It frees up money that could otherwise be set aside as capital reserves allowing more capital to be set aside than otherwise would need to be set aside, thus freeing up money for writing more or more extensive policies than regulators would require.

Reinsurance allows an insurance company to gain business opportunities that would be too costly otherwise. When disaster strikes, reinsurance allows multiple policies to be pooled together to share risk evenly among different providers, protecting primary insurers from massive losses while paying out claims when needed.

Reinsurance can also help an insurance company’s underwriting results by spreading risk across several companies and offering more coverage while keeping rates affordable. Furthermore, reinsurance offers protection from catastrophes or unpredictable events such as tornadoes or earthquakes which may arise.


Insurance and reinsurance protect companies from huge losses by pooling policies and spreading risk among many insurance providers. Furthermore, this helps the insurance company gain access to business opportunities otherwise unavailable to them and recover damages more quickly than otherwise would be the case.

Reinsurance is an agreement that allows an insurance company to transfer some of its liabilities for a premium payment to another company, known as ceding. By doing this, risks related to large loss payments to policyholders in the event of catastrophe are decreased significantly. The ceding company is better protected from large loss payments if something necessitates it.

Government regulation of the insurance and reinsurance industries ensures insurers remain financially healthy so claims can be paid out when necessary. A vital element of this oversight is ensuring insurers do not assume more risk than is prudent given their available capital. Two accounts on their financial statement recognize principal value from reinsurance to ceding companies as reductions of liabilities: unearned premium reserve and loss reserve.

Reinsurance allows insurance companies to reduce responsibility for outstanding claims and free up capital to invest in new policies, allowing them to expand coverage while satisfying regulatory requirements. Reinsurance also helps firms increase their capacity for significant losses such as earthquakes or hurricanes.


Reinsurance can help insurance companies mitigate risks. Insurance companies can expand coverage further and generate greater profits by decreasing liability exposures and providing coverage to more individuals at reduced costs. But purchasing reinsurance does not come without costs: it’s essential that insurers fully comprehend this strategy’s associated expenses before proceeding.

Reinsurance provides one key advantage: mitigating the financial impact of catastrophic events. Although catastrophic events are relatively infrequent, their ramifications can still be extremely costly to an insurer, especially when many high-dollar claims come in simultaneously. Reinsurance protects from these losses and helps maintain profits for companies.

Insurance companies can purchase reinsurance from multiple sources, including primary insurers’ and U.S.-based and international reinsurance divisions. There are two fundamental forms of reinsurance policies – facultative and treaty.

The original insurance underwriter purchases facultative reinsurance, while treaty reinsurance can only be purchased by an insurance manager or senior management in an insurance company.

Reinsurance allows insurance companies to expand their product and service offerings, for instance, by covering more expansive geographic or technical areas with coverage – expanding market bases and profits as a result. Reinsurance also gives insurance companies the confidence to meet customer obligations should a large claim occur. This is especially important when operating in areas vulnerable to natural disasters or other catastrophes.