If you want to install a door in your house, there are some things that you need to know. First of all, you need to make sure that you check the rough opening dimensions. Then, you will need to nail the door to the studs. Finally, you will need to insulate it after you install it.
Check the dimensions of the rough opening
When you’re ready to replace your old door, the first step is to check the dimensions of the rough opening. You can do this easily by using a diagram.
The rough opening is the part of the frame that extends beyond the door panel. It should be level. This allows you to fine-tune the position of the door.
In addition, it should be wider than the door itself. Generally, you’ll need about a half inch of room for the shims that fill the gap between the jamb and the wall stud.
You can also measure the height of the door. A typical door is 6 feet, 8 inches tall. That’s about a third of an inch larger than the average home’s height.
You should have about a quarter of an inch of extra space for the installer to “shim” the jamb for a square installation. Depending on the type of framing, you might need another half-inch.
Shim the latch side
If your door is not closing properly, you may want to shim the latch side of the door. Shimming the latch side will help to eliminate the hinge bind. This bind occurs when the edge of the door comes into contact with the rabbet of the frame. It can cause the door to bend and bow, leading to a gap between the door and the jamb.
To shim the latch side of your door, first ensure that the jamb is plumb. If you don’t know how to check the vertical position of the jamb, you can use a carpenter’s level. You can also use a level to test the horizontal positioning of the header.
When installing a new door, you can shim the top, bottom, and lock sides of the door. However, the top hinge is the most important for heavy doors.
The door jamb should be positioned below the hinge pin and about 6 inches above the sill. This will allow the shim to be inserted in between the latch and the strike plate.
Nail the door to the studs
In fact, nailing a door to the studs is not all that hard, provided you use the correct tools. For starters, you’ll need some wall studs and a couple of jack studs. The jack studs will support the header for the opening and keep it upright.
First, measure the width of the door. You’ll need to trim two 2x4s to this length. Now that you’ve got the two halves, measure the height of the new door and add one and a half inches. Next, cut out a “sole plate” between the jack studs. This will hold the wall in place when you’re all done.
While you’re at it, the 2x4s you used to build the frame are also good for securing the header. Finally, you’ll need to test the performance of the door and verify that it will fit.
It’s not a bad idea to include a small porch, especially if you’re going to be installing the door outside. If you do, make sure to shield it from rain.
Insulate the door after it has been installed
If you have a garage, then insulating the door after installation is a good way to save on energy bills and improve the efficiency of your home. It is a relatively easy DIY project that can be done in a couple of hours. But first, you will have to choose the right insulating material for your door.
The most common material used for insulation is polystyrene foam. This material is available at most big box hardware stores. For a less expensive option, you can use weatherstripping. Most types of weatherstripping have a reflective side that should be oriented toward the outside. Some also have retention clips for attaching the insulation.
Before purchasing your insulation, make sure you know the measurements of your garage door. You will need to make sure the insulation is about one to two inches longer than the measurement of the panel.
Once you’ve purchased your insulation, you’ll want to find the proper retaining pins to fasten the insulation in place. The retaining pins should have a slit in them. These slits should be about half an inch wide.